Our science team have been able to use the data from 5 scientific publications which have studied archaeological sites across Europe, North Africa, the Near East, and West Asia. In total 83 sites with remains and artefacts from between 1,300 BCE and late 600 CE were covered.
This meant that they were able to analyse the genetic information from 279 individuals who lived in the Classical era, mostly taken from the teeth and petrous bones of the individuals laid to rest at the 83 sites.
The ancient human remains were processed and DNA was extracted and sequenced in a similar way to the Living DNA test.
It’s important to remember that when ancient people were burying their dead, it was often the most wealthy or important individuals who could afford a burial that would not only be visible to modern-day archaeologists, but also protect their remains for long enough for us to be able to perform these analyses. While there are exceptions to this rule,