Ancient Greece flourished from the 8th century BCE until the 4th century BCE, cultivating intellectual and cultural achievements.
City-states like Athens and Sparta thrived in a landscape of political experimentation, from which Greece birthed the concept of democracy, a pivotal contribution to political philosophy.
The Golden Age of Ancient Greece saw an explosion of culture, featuring influential philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. It was a transformative period, during which art, literature, and theatre flourished.
The Olympic Games celebrated physical prowess and unity, which embodied Greek athletic ideals.
Greek mythology, with a pantheon of gods, goddesses, and demigods, shaped the cultural narrative with epic tales.
Daily life would have changed and shifted slightly over the centuries, but much like today you would have seen various social classes - citizens, metics, and slaves - and daily life would have varied greatly between bustling cities and agricultural regions.
Alexander the Great’s conquests spread Greek influence, ushering in the Hellenistic era. Cultural diffusion thrived as Greek art, language, and ideas were spread from Macedonia to Egypt and even to part of India
The Ancient Greeks were pioneers in mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. They built architectural marvels like the Parthenon, which stands at the crossroads of Greek artistic and engineering prowess.
Internal conflicts, external invasions, and the dominance of the Roman Empire all contributed to the decline of Ancient Greece, but the philosophy, language, and cultural foundations of Ancient Greece endure, leaving a lasting mark on Western civilization.